This study was conducted by clinical dentistry hygienists to develop knowledge measurement tools and evaluate knowledge necessary to cope with emergencies related to systemic diseases occurring in dentistry. Basic questions were developed on the six most frequently occurring diseases in the dental office: diabetes, syncope, respiratory disease, coronary artery disease, cerebrovascular disease, and epilepsy. Fifty-eight preliminary questions were composed in a survey format through expert validation. The survey was then conducted on 290 dental hygienists to verify the composition validity and reliability. Factor and reliability analyses were performed using the SPSS 23.0 program, and the correct answer rate for each question was calculated. 49 items of a total of 13 factors were adopted as the final items for signs, symptoms, prevention and treatment of five diseases. The question with the highest percentage of correct answers for each question was “Slowly set up the unit chair when raising the patient”(97.9%) during the prevention of unconsciousness and question with the lowest correct answer rate was “soft substances such as cloth should be put in the mouth to prevent trauma while the seizure persists” (16.6%). A total of 49 questions have been developed as tools to measure the knowledge of dental hygienists’ first aid related to systemic diseases and it is expected that related curriculum can be operated or evaluated by using them.
Figures & Tables
Table 1. Verification of content validity