Publication ethics including plagiarism, duplicated publication, and violation of ethics obeys the research and publication ethics. For the policies on the research and publication ethics not stated in this instructions, International standards for editors and authors ( can be applied. All cases of suspected misconducts will follow the flowcharts provided by the Committee on Publication Ethics

1. Statement of Informed Consent and Institutional Review Board Approval
1) Clinical research should be done in accordance of the Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects, outlined in the Helsinki Declaration of 1975 (revised 2000). Clinical studies that do not meet the Helsinki Declaration will not be considered for publication. Copies of written informed consent and Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval for clinical research should be kept. If necessary, the editor or reviewers may request copies of these documents to resolve questions about IRB approval and study conduct.

2) An informed consent should be given by the study subjects.

3) When reporting experiments with animal subjects, the authors should indicate whether the handling of the animals was supervised by Institutional Board for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals.

2. Conflicts of Interest Statement
If there are any conflicts of interest, authors should disclose them in the manuscript. A conflict of interest may exist when an author has financial or personal relationships or affiliations that could bias the author’s decisions of the manuscript. Authors are expected to provide detailed information about all relevant financial conflicts, particularly those present during the process of research and publication, as well as other financial interests (such as patent applications in preparation) that represent potential financial gain in the future. All disclosures of any potential conflicts of interest including specific financial interests, relationships, and affiliations (other than those affiliations listed in the title page of the manuscript) relevant to the subject of the manuscript will be reported by the corresponding author on behalf of each co-author, if any, as part of the submission process. Likewise, authors without conflicts of interest will be requested to state so as part of the submission process. If authors are uncertain about what constitutes relevant financial interests or relationships, they should contact the editorial office.

3. Originality and Duplicate Publication
1) All submitted manuscripts should be original and should not be considered by other scientific journals for publication at the same time. Any part of the accepted manuscript should not be duplicated in any other scientific journal without the permission of the Editorial Board.

2) If duplicate publication related to the papers of this journal is detected, the authors will be announced in the journal and their institutes will be informed, and there also will be penalties for the authors. It is mandatory for all authors to resolve any copyright issues when citing a figure or table from a different journal that is not open access.

4. Author Contributions

Authors of this journal must satisfy all of the following criteria. Failure to meet any of these criteria will result in classification as a contributor rather than an author.

1) Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND
2) Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND
3) Final approval of the version to be published; AND
4) Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved

5. Copyrights and Creative Commons Attribution License
The authors grant the Korean Association of Dental Hygiene to own the full copyright of the final version of the Article once it is accepted for publication. It obeys Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License. Each author must sign in the copyright transfer form.